Social realism as a way of perceiving reality and labor in an embellished form appeared in the USSR in the 1930s and was intended to replace the “bourgeois” art, which then belonged to everything that does not sing the “man of action.” Being ridiculed by Mikhail Bulgakov in The Master and Margarita, such an approach ordered the artist to relate to his art “according to workdays”: how many blessings he received, so much text he had to pass. In the same way as in the writers’ union (invented by Bulgakov MASSOLIT) “if you have a trip for a week, then the writer must pass the story, for two weeks – the story, and only for three weeks in the“ Swallow Nest ”in Crimea – and the whole novel can be” .
In alliance with the revolution?
Such unions, punishing and testing the activities of people of liberal professions were introduced in all areas. Thus, in the early 1930s, the People’s Commissar Lunacharsky devoted a series of articles in the Izvestia newspaper to new realism as a style in which writers and artists should strive to work. Continue reading
After the October Revolution, the artist lived in the Crimea for two years, then a year in Tiflis and Baku, after which he emigrated to France – his path lay from Batumi, through Marseille, and in 1919 the artist moved to Paris. There he becomes a set designer: he collaborates with the Bat and Balaganchik theaters. The whole activity of these theaters was due to Sudeikin. D.Z. Kogan, who studied the heritage of the artist, notes that the creative principles of the artist largely influenced and determined the activities of the theater. “Here is a light genre with a claim to the meaningful“ fooling ”, and stylization, and lightweight grotesque, and the sharpness of shifts and displacements, and confusion of theater and life, truth and lies, and the combination of earthiness and sublimity. The sketches and programs designed by him were popular among Russian emigration mainly due to the “Russian national style”.
In Paris, draws ballet performances for the troupe A. Pavlova (ballet “Fairy Dolls” and “Sleeping Beauty”). Participates in the Russian group exhibition in the Paris gallery “Dancy”. Continue reading
Russian art in the Catherine period finally goes beyond one portrait form. A multi-genre painting system emerges at the Academy, and a historical picture appears. One of the brightest representatives of the first wave of academic students was A.P. Losenko.
ARTIST LOSENKO ANTON PAVLOVICH
A.P. Losenko called the founder of historical painting. Russian historical painting has not reached such heights as the art of portraiture. This canvas refers to the early period of the artist’s work, but he already had a certain level of preparation (before joining the Academy, IP Losenko was a student of IP Argunov). The historical genre, above all, served as an excellent experience for constructing a composition, drawing and improving the technique of oil painting. Historical painting very well embodied the principles of classicism. Continue reading