In the first century of our era there was a series of eruptions of the volcano Vesuvius, which were accompanied by an earthquake. They destroyed several flowering cities, which were located near the foot of the mountain. The city of Pompeii was gone in just two days – in August of the year 79, it was completely covered with volcanic ash. He was buried under a seven-meter thick ash. It seemed that the city disappeared from the face of the earth. However, in 1748, archaeologists were able to unearth it, opening the veil of a terrible tragedy. The painting of the Russian artist Karl Bryullov was dedicated to the last day of the ancient city.
“Last Day of Pompeii” – the most famous painting of Karl Brullov. The masterpiece was created long six years – from the plan and the first sketch to the full canvas. Continue reading
Fayum portraits – ancient Roman provincial portraits, named after the Egyptian oasis Fayum, where they were found. The Greeks, who settled in Egypt in the period of 1 century BC. – 3rd century AD, they used such portraits in their funerary cult, placing them on shrouds in approximately the same way as today on the monuments they make photos. In our review, 20 of the 800 portraits known today, which depict contemporaries of Christ.
The first description of the funeral portraits dates back to 1615, when the Italian explorer Pietro della Valle brought two portraits from Saccara-Memphis to Europe from the oasis. Today they are stored in the collection of the State Art Collection of Dresden. Continue reading
The Renaissance is characterized by the intellectual and artistic flourishing of culture, which reached its peak in the 16th century. Medieval asceticism and contempt for all earthly things are now being replaced by an insatiable interest in the real world, in man, in the consciousness of the beauty and greatness of nature. One of the most important principles of perception of works of art becomes pleasure.  One of the most famous artists of the Renaissance was Sandro Botticelli, a representative of the Florentine school. The writing “The Birth of Venus” preceded the time when Botticelli was most passionate about antiquity. Continue reading