The problem of including the artistic heritage of Russian emigration in the concept of the development of Russian art of the 20th century in our days does not cease to be relevant. The contribution of individual representatives is still insufficiently studied, since it is often complicated by the fragmentation of collections – the exhibits not only adorn the collections of European or US museums, but are also in private collections, from time to time becoming top positions of the world’s leading auction houses.
The artistic process after the Revolution of 1917 turned out to be broken in two – part remained in Russia, the other began to develop in emigration. It is impossible to say unequivocally that there were no similar mass exodus in the world history of art. There were a lot of examples when artists worked in a different national environment, and one of them is the formation of the international school of Paris. However, for artists from other countries, participation in it can only be considered a line in his personal biography. Continue reading
The artistic association “World of Art”, formed at the beginning of the 20th century in Russia and partly emigrating after the Revolution, united such artists as artists L.S. Bakst, A.N. Benois, Somov K.A., Dobuzhinsky M.V., Roerich N.K., V.M. I am. Vasnetsov, V.D. Polenov, V.A. Serov, M.V. Nesterov, I.I. Levitan, I.A. Korovin, poets A. White, D. Merezhkovsky and Z. Gippius, Yu. F. Sologub, V. Bryusov, K. D. Balmont, choreographer S. P. Dyagilev and many others. The joint publication of the World of Art magazine attached particular importance to this trend of creative personalities, and the enthusiasm for the modern style – a bright art-dominant.
Being collected under the auspices of the World of Art magazine in 1903, the followers of the famous ballet producer Dyagilev, the author of the “Russian ballet seasons in Paris”, first expressed themselves through theatrical costumes and stage decorations. So Bakst and Benois, for example, became famous. Continue reading
Russian art in the Catherine period finally goes beyond one portrait form. A multi-genre painting system emerges at the Academy, and a historical picture appears. One of the brightest representatives of the first wave of academic students was A.P. Losenko.
ARTIST LOSENKO ANTON PAVLOVICH
A.P. Losenko called the founder of historical painting. Russian historical painting has not reached such heights as the art of portraiture. This canvas refers to the early period of the artist’s work, but he already had a certain level of preparation (before joining the Academy, IP Losenko was a student of IP Argunov). The historical genre, above all, served as an excellent experience for constructing a composition, drawing and improving the technique of oil painting. Historical painting very well embodied the principles of classicism. Continue reading
In the Annensian era, the format of the coronation parade portrait was developed. The established scheme will exist for almost the entire XVIII century. At the end of the reign of Elizabeth Petrovna, on the initiative of Shuvalov, the Academy of Arts was established. In the art of Elizabethan time, the beginning of the work of the Academy of Arts (1757) became a kind of watershed – it became customary to divide the art into pre-academic and post-academic periods in fine art. The main content of Elizabethan time for Russian painting is the so-called pre-academic state. In the visual arts of the Elizabethan period, portrait form is still the main one. As an important change, the appearance of a rocaille theme and tones should be noted.
Before us is a small-sized chamber portrait in the height of Empress Elizaveta Petrovna. The work, written by George Groot, a German painter, invited to Russia in 1741, was made in the rococo style. Continue reading
In the painting of Peter the Great, a sharp leap from the old to the new is especially noticeable, manifested in the study of European traditions in the shortest time possible and acquaintance with the experience of foreign artistic styles accumulated over centuries.
With the beginning of the XVIII century, an important role in painting begins to play oil painting and secular plot. “In ancient times, princes and boyars occasionally allowed visiting“ Germans ”to write off their“ appearance ”, but starting from the end of the XVII century and especially the XVIII portrait is included in real fashion, and who only can order the“ personal master ”to write off themselves and their loved ones.” Among the numerous easel paintings, murals and miniatures, the main place is given to the portrait in all varieties: parade and chamber, chest and in growth. Continue reading