In the Annensian era, the format of the coronation parade portrait was developed. The established scheme will exist for almost the entire XVIII century. At the end of the reign of Elizabeth Petrovna, on the initiative of Shuvalov, the Academy of Arts was established. In the art of Elizabethan time, the beginning of the work of the Academy of Arts (1757) became a kind of watershed – it became customary to divide the art into pre-academic and post-academic periods in fine art. The main content of Elizabethan time for Russian painting is the so-called pre-academic state. In the visual arts of the Elizabethan period, portrait form is still the main one. As an important change, the appearance of a rocaille theme and tones should be noted.
Before us is a small-sized chamber portrait in the height of Empress Elizaveta Petrovna. The work, written by George Groot, a German painter, invited to Russia in 1741, was made in the rococo style. Continue reading
In the painting of Peter the Great, a sharp leap from the old to the new is especially noticeable, manifested in the study of European traditions in the shortest time possible and acquaintance with the experience of foreign artistic styles accumulated over centuries.
With the beginning of the XVIII century, an important role in painting begins to play oil painting and secular plot. “In ancient times, princes and boyars occasionally allowed visiting“ Germans ”to write off their“ appearance ”, but starting from the end of the XVII century and especially the XVIII portrait is included in real fashion, and who only can order the“ personal master ”to write off themselves and their loved ones.” Among the numerous easel paintings, murals and miniatures, the main place is given to the portrait in all varieties: parade and chamber, chest and in growth. Continue reading