"Great castration": As covered up the shame in paintings and sculptures at different times
The history of art knows many examples when, at a change in cultural epochs, works created by predecessors begin to be perceived not quite rightly. Probably the most significant in…

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"The Last Supper": the story of the famous fresco by Leonardo da Vinci
The Last Supper by Leonardo da Vinci is one of the most famous images of the last meal of Jesus Christ with his disciples. He began work on it in…

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Avant-garde and socialist realism
Avant-gardism, developed in the literature by Vladimir Mayakovsky and Velimir Khlebnikov, since the 1910s has also spread powerfully in Russian painting. Back in the 1910s avant-gardism in Russia was fond…

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body corresponds

“The Last Day of Pompeii” – mysteries, secrets, facts masterwork K. Bryullov

In the first century of our era there was a series of eruptions of the volcano Vesuvius, which were accompanied by an earthquake. They destroyed several flowering cities, which were located near the foot of the mountain. The city of Pompeii was gone in just two days – in August of the year 79, it was completely covered with volcanic ash. He was buried under a seven-meter thick ash. It seemed that the city disappeared from the face of the earth. However, in 1748, archaeologists were able to unearth it, opening the veil of a terrible tragedy. The painting of the Russian artist Karl Bryullov was dedicated to the last day of the ancient city.
“Last Day of Pompeii” – the most famous painting of Karl Brullov. The masterpiece was created long six years – from the plan and the first sketch to the full canvas. Continue reading

Secrets of famous paintings

Works of art often become particularly popular if they are legends about them or if they unexpectedly turn out to be not what they seem at first glance. “Kultura.RF” reveals the secrets of famous – and not very – Russian paintings.
“The Nun” by Ilya Repin
A young girl in strict monastic clothes looks at the viewer thoughtfully from a portrait. The image is classic and familiar – he probably would not have aroused interest among art historians if it were not for the memoirs of Lyudmila Alekseevna Shevtsova-Spore – the niece of Repin’s wife. They found a curious story.
Sophia Repina, nee Shevtsova, posed for the “Nun” Ilya Repina. Continue reading

How photography completely changed the visual arts

Both painting and photography are forms of visual art that are designed to create images and visual symbols.
The difference in the method of manufacture and creates some features.
Painting is not only the earliest known form of visual art, but also the earliest example of human creativity. Over such a long journey, appearance, form, language, and expression, both externally and internally, influenced each other and transformed.
Despite the fact that photography is the youngest of the known forms of visual art (less than two centuries old), it has undergone dramatic changes both externally and internally.
Any work of art reflects the influence of the surrounding artist’s society, the materials used, as well as the technologies characteristic of a particular era. Continue reading

EKATERININSKY PERIOD
Russian art in the Catherine period finally goes beyond one portrait form. A multi-genre painting system emerges at the Academy, and a historical picture appears. One of the brightest representatives…

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Graphics by Alexander Deineka 1920s-40s
Alexander Deineka entered the history of national art primarily as the author of mosaic panels and large thematic paintings, as an enthusiastic admirer of every technique, earthly and heavenly, as…

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Nudity in the history of art: How to change the attitude to nu from Venus Paleolithic to classical painting
Thanks to Ivan Efremov and his "Tais of Athens", the general public became aware of the notions of "hymnophiles" - that is, those who sing nudity - and "hymnophobes" -…

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